If you have wounds, keep them clean and dry. Do not soak in a bath until the wounds are healed. Wear a waterproof dressing to take a shower.
Avoid limping. Use a walking aid if required. Your physiotherapist will advise you on this.
Repeat these exercises as directed by your physiotherapist. Aim to gradually increase the bend of your knee each time you carry out the exercises.
A small amount of swelling is expected in the early days after an operation.
If your knee becomes hot, red or uncomfortably swollen, please contact your GP.
1. Ankle exercises
This exercise is for your circulation. Lie or sit with your back supported. Pump your ankles up or down. This should be performed regularly.
2. Heel slides
Lie on your back, in a comfortable position. Bend your knee, keeping your heel close to the bed.
3. Knee bends
Sit on a chair, with your thigh supported. Bend your knee until a mild stretch is felt. Hold this position for __ seconds then relax.
4. Static quads
Lie on your back. Tighten your thigh muscles by pushing your knee down into the bed and pulling your toes towards you. Keep the knee straight. Hold this position for __ seconds.
5. Inner range quads
Lie on your back. Place a rolled-up towel under the knee. Tighten the muscles at the front and back of your thigh to straighten knee and lift heel off bed.
6. Straight leg raise
Lie on your back. Tighten the muscles on the front of your thigh. Keeping the leg straight, raise the whole leg off the bed __ cm. Hold this position for __ seconds. Slowly lower the leg.
7. Knee extension
Sit on a chair. Tighten the muscles on the front of your thigh. Raise your foot and straighten the knee until the leg is fully straight. Slowly lower the leg.
Stand with one leg slightly forward and both knees bent. Lunge forward ensuring that you control the alignment by keeping the middle of your kneecap over your second toe.
9. Wall Squats
Stand leaning with your back against a wall and your feet about 20 cm from the wall.
Slowly slide down the wall until your hips and knees are at right angles. Return to starting position. Have something steady to hold on to close by for safety.
Stand on one foot. Keep your balance. Hold for as long as possible. Have something steady to hold on to close by for safety.
To help us optimise your treatment, it is important that you have adequate pain relief. If you are suffering high levels of pain please seek advice from your pharmacist or GP.
Please be aware that this handout is to be used as a guide. If you find these exercises painful, please seek advice from your physiotherapist or GP.
Please contact our reception on 01223 216633 to leave a message for your physiotherapist or to enquire about appointments.
This information has been compiled by the physiotherapy team at Addenbrooke’s Hospital. You may receive this information during an appointment with a physiotherapist, from your GP or via our website.
We are smoke-free
Smoking is not allowed anywhere on the hospital campus. For advice and support in quitting, contact your GP or the free NHS stop smoking helpline on 0800 169 0 169.
Help accessing this information in other formats is available. To find out more about the services we provide, please visit our patient information help page (see link below) or telephone 01223 256998. www.cuh.nhs.uk/contact-us/accessible-information/
Cambridge University Hospitals
NHS Foundation Trust
Hills Road, Cambridge
Telephone +44 (0)1223 245151