About oral viscous budesonide
What is oral viscous budesonide?
It is a steroid treatment which is used in the treatment of eosinophilic oesophagitis. It is a thick liquid medicine which acts directly on the affected areas of the gullet and is made up immediately before taking (see below for instructions).
What is the aim of treatment?
To reduce the inflammation in the gullet and reduce symptoms such as vomiting, pain on swallowing and sense of foods getting stuck in the gullet. Oral viscous budesonide liquid may be easier to administer to young children than existing alternative treatments (for example, swallowed powder from an inhaler).
What is the dose?
The usual dose will be 1-2mg daily. This may be as a single dose or split throughout the day.
How is oral viscous budesonide made up?
You will need the following items to make up the dose prior to administration:
- Splenda® sweetener (can be purchased from a supermarket).
- Budesonide nebules (Pulmicort Respules®) 1mg or 0.5mg.
- Kitchen weighing scales.
|Dose||Size and strength of budesonide nebule||Amount of Splenda®|
|Dose 0.5mg||Size and strength of budesonide nebule 0.5mg in 2mL||Amount of Splenda® 5g|
|Dose 1.0mg||Size and strength of budesonide nebule 1.0mg in 2mL||Amount of Splenda® 10g|
|Dose 2.0mg||Size and strength of budesonide nebule 1.0mg in 2mL||Amount of Splenda® 20g (10g for each nebule)|
Measure out required amount of Splenda® as outlined in table above and mix with contents of nebule(s) in a beaker or measuring container.
How to take oral viscous budesonide
Once made up the entire amount of liquid should be swallowed from the beaker or measuring container.
Your child should not eat or drink for 30 minutes after swallowing the budesonide.
Give the dose(s) at the same time(s) of each day so that it becomes part of your child’s routine. If you miss a dose you can give the dose as soon as you remember on the same day.
Are there any side effects?
As with other medicines, there is a risk of side effects when your child is taking oral viscous budesonide. The risk of side effects is carefully balanced against the benefits of treatment. Oral viscous budesonide is unlikely to be absorbed into the blood in large amounts and therefore it is likely that your child will not experience the more serious side effects listed below.
The important potential side effects to be aware of are:
- Oral thrush – a yeast infection; if you notice a thick white or creamy coloured covering on your child’s tongue or if the tongue/ throat appears red and irritated, please contact your GP or hospital doctor. You can help to prevent this by ensuring that your child maintains good oral hygiene.
- Sore throat/ hoarse voice – risk reduced by ensuring that your child maintains good oral hygiene.
- Growth – the way steroids are produced in your child’s body may be affected which can lead to reduced growth. This should not affect your child’s final adult height. Your child’s doctor will monitor their growth during treatment.
- Changes in behaviour (including disturbed sleep) – You should contact your GP or hospital doctor.
- All steroid medicines, including budesonide (usually in higher doses), may affect the adrenal glands so that they produce less of a hormone called cortisol when the body is stressed (for example, during illness or injury). This means that your child may have more difficulty fighting off an infection, or may recover less quickly from injury or after surgery.
There may be other side effects that are not listed above. If you notice anything unusual and are concerned, please consult your GP or hospital doctor.
You can give your child medicines that contain paracetamol or ibuprofen unless your doctor has told you not to.
Check with your doctor or pharmacist before giving any other medicines to your child. This includes herbal or complementary medicines.
Contacts/ further information
If you need further information please contact your GP or hospital doctor.
Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition: 01223 274827
Paediatric gastroenterology specialist nurses: 01223 348950
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Cambridge University Hospitals
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