What is the evidence base for this information?
This leaflet includes advice from consensus panels, the British Association of Urological Surgeons, the Department of Health and evidence-based sources; it is, therefore, a reflection of best practice in the UK. It is intended to supplement any advice you may already have been given by your urologist or nurse specialist as well as the surgical team at Addenbrooke's. Alternative treatments are outlined below and can be discussed in more detail with your urologist or specialist nurse.
About the procedure
What does the procedure involve?
Division of the muscles in the groin causing retraction and fixation of the testicle in the scrotum.
What are the alternatives to this procedure?
Observation, manual manipulation.
What should I expect before the procedure?
You will usually be admitted on the same day as your surgery. You will normally undergo pre-assessment on the day of your clinic or an appointment for pre-assessment will be made from clinic, to assess your general fitness, to screen for the carriage of MRSA and to perform some baseline investigations. After admission, you will be seen by members of the medical team who may include the consultant, junior urology doctors and your named nurse.
You will be asked not to eat or drink for six hours before surgery and, immediately before the operation, you may be given a pre-medication by the anaesthetist which will make you dry-mouthed and pleasantly sleepy.
Please be sure to inform your urologist in advance of your surgery if you have any of the following:
- an artificial heart valve
- a coronary artery stent
- a heart pacemaker or defibrillator
- an artificial joint
- an artificial blood vessel graft
- a neurosurgical shunt
- any other implanted foreign body
- a prescription for warfarin, aspirin, rivaroxaban, dabigatran, apixaban, edoxaban or clopidogrel, ticagrelor or blood thinning medication
- a previous or current MRSA infection
- high risk of variant CJD (if you have received a corneal transplant, a neurosurgical dural transplant or previous injections of human derived growth hormone)
Hair removal before an operation
For most operations, you do not need to have the hair around the site of the operation removed. However, sometimes the healthcare team may need to remove hair to allow them to see or reach your skin.
If the healthcare team consider it is important to remove the hair, they will do this by using an electric hair clipper, with a single-use disposable head, on the day of the surgery. Please do not shave the hair yourself, or use a razor for hair removal, as this can increase the risk of infection to the site of the operation. If you have any questions, please ask the healthcare team who will be happy to discuss this with you.
What happens during the procedure?
Normally, a full general anaesthetic will be used and you will be asleep throughout the procedure. A small incision is made in the groin to free the muscle retracting the testis so that it can be brought down into the scrotum. A second incision is then made in the scrotum to receive the testis where it is anchored to prevent twisting and further retraction.
What happens immediately after the procedure?
You may experience discomfort for a few days after the procedure but painkillers will be given to you to take home. Absorbable stitches are normally used which do not require removal.
The average hospital stay is one day.
Most procedures have a potential for side effects. You should be reassured that, although all these complications are well recognised, the majority of patients do not suffer any problems after a urological procedure.
Please use the check boxes to tick off individual items when you are happy that they have been discussed to your satisfaction.
Common (greater than one in 10)
☐ Swelling of the scrotum lasting several days
☐ Seepage of yellowish fluid from the wound several days after surgery
Occasional (between one in 10 and one in 50)
☐ Infection of the testis or the incision requiring further treatment
☐ The testis may remain slightly high in the scrotum
Rare (less than one in 50)
☐ Bleeding requiring further treatment
☐ The testis may shrink (atrophy) due to poor blood supply after the operation
☐ Future fertility cannot be guaranteed
Hospital-acquired infection (overall risk for Addenbrooke’s)
☐ Colonisation with MRSA (0.01%, two in 15,500)
☐ Clostridium difficile bowel infection (0.02%; three in 15,500)
☐ MRSA bloodstream infection (0.00%; 0 in 15,000)
(These rates may be greater in high-risk patients, for example those with long term drainage tubes, after removal of the bladder for cancer, after previous infections, after prolonged hospitalisation or after multiple admissions.)
After the surgery
What should I expect when I get home?
When you leave hospital, you will be given a discharge summary of your admission. This holds important information about your inpatient stay and your operation. If, in the first few weeks after your discharge, you need to call your GP for any reason or to attend another hospital, please take this summary with you to allow the doctors to see details of your treatment. This is particularly important if you need to consult another doctor within a few days of your discharge.
For most patients, recovery will be rapid although the groin may be painful for several days. For children, two weeks off sport at school is sensible and vigorous exercise should be discouraged for the first two weeks.
In young adults, a period of 10 to 14 days off work is advisable.
What else should I look out for?
If you develop a temperature, increased redness, throbbing or drainage at the site of the operation, please contact your GP.
Are there any other important points?
A follow-up outpatient appointment will normally be arranged six to eight weeks after the operation to assess the cosmetic result.
Driving after surgery
It is your responsibility to ensure that you are fit to drive following your surgery.
You do not normally need to notify the DVLA unless you have a medical condition that will last for longer than three months after your surgery and may affect your ability to drive. You should, however, check with your insurance company before returning to driving. Your doctors will be happy to provide you with advice on request.
Is there any research being carried out in this field at Addenbrooke’s Hospital?
There is no specific research in this area at the moment but all operative procedures performed in the department are subject to rigorous audit at a monthly audit and clinical governance meeting.
Who can I contact for more help or information?
Uro-oncology nurse specialist 01223 586748
Bladder cancer nurse practitioner (haematuria, chemotherapy and BCG) 01223 274608
Prostate cancer nurse practitioner 01223 274608 or 01223 216897
Surgical care practitioner 01223 348590 or 01223 256157
Patient Advice and Liaison Service (PALS)
Chaplaincy and multi faith community
Other contact information
What should I do with this leaflet?
Thank you for taking the trouble to read this patient information leaflet. If you wish to sign it and retain a copy for your own records, please download and sign the print copy below.
If you would like a copy of this leaflet to be filed in your hospital records for future reference, please let your urologist or nurse specialist know. If you do, however, decide to proceed with the scheduled procedure, you will be asked to sign a separate consent form which will be filed in your hospital notes and you will, in addition, be provided with a copy of the form if you wish.
I have read this patient information leaflet and I accept the information it provides.
NICE clinical guideline No 74: Surgical site infection (October 2008)
Department of Health: High Impact Intervention No 4: Care bundle to preventing surgical site infection (August 2007)
Privacy and dignity
Same sex bays and bathrooms are offered in all wards except critical care and theatre recovery areas where the use of high-tech equipment and/or specialist one-to-one care is required.
We are smoke-free
Smoking is not allowed anywhere on the hospital campus. For advice and support in quitting, contact your GP or the free NHS stop smoking helpline on 0800 169 0 169.
Help accessing this information in other formats is available. To find out more about the services we provide, please visit our patient information help page (see link below) or telephone 01223 256998. www.cuh.nhs.uk/contact-us/accessible-information/
Cambridge University Hospitals
NHS Foundation Trust
Hills Road, Cambridge
Telephone +44 (0)1223 245151