Who is the leaflet for?
This leaflet is for patients who have been offered a consultation with a clinical psychologist in the pain service.
What is its aim?
The leaflet explains to you and your family the purpose of the clinic and what you might expect as the outcome.
What does a clinical psychologist do?
Clinical psychologists help you to consider chronic pain in the context of your life. They work with you to understand and enhance the helpful ways you have of managing pain. The fact that you have been referred means that we do take your pain seriously. We believe your pain is real. There is no known cure for chronic pain. The paradox of chronic pain is that the normal responses to pain like pushing through or withdrawing socially, can help keep problems going. These may be areas to overcome as part managing chronic pain.
This view of chronic pain takes into account your experience as a whole person. The focus is on what you do already that are helpful skills to improve your well-being and quality of life for the long term and considering alternative responses to your pain.
How does a clinical psychologist help you?
The clinical psychologist in the pain service typically offers help with:
- Coming to terms with and adjustment to chronic pain and ill health
- Improving your use of skills for self management of chronic pain
- Reducing distress related to pain and ill health
- Improving your communication in relation to your chronic pain
- Help with decision making about treatment to support your discussion with other health professionals
- Life-style changes towards preventing deterioration of physical function and improving quality of life
Patients experiencing chronic pain commonly suffer a range of difficulties. The problems chronic pain patients report that may be helped as part of a series of sessions, if these are planned, include:
- Health anxiety and other forms of anxiety
- Low mood
- Low self-esteem
- Stress related problems
You will consider with the clinical psychologist your current ways of coping. It can be useful to look at how your pain can be affected by things that you have experienced in the past. However, the emphasis tends to be on putting your skills for self management of chronic pain into action, consistently, in situations in the present. It may be that for some problems, support can be accessed from your GP or by referral to another specialist service.
What will happen at my initial appointment?
The psychologist will work with you to form a shared understanding of the challenges you are facing and your hopes for change. At the end of your initial appointment you will be recommended one of the following:
- A follow-up assessment appointment to further understand your situation
- Self-help information
- A series of treatment sessions using evidence-based therapies. A cognitive behavioural approach is usually offered. This is a brief time-limited approach and typically starts with three to six sessions
- A series of up to four review appointments to support you with your goals. This may involve liaison with your GP
- Referral to other services that are better placed to meet your needs and hopes for change
What is the training for a clinical psychologist?
As their minimum training, clinical psychologists complete a three year honours degree in psychology and an accredited postgraduate training course in clinical psychology. These courses have been at doctoral level since 1996. They have experience, knowledge and skills of working with a range of patient groups. They abide by the British Psychological Society Code of Ethics and Conduct and are registered with the Health Professions Council (the UK regulatory body for health professionals).
Chronic pain can be viewed as a problem involving interactions of biological factors, behaviours, thoughts, feelings, social relationships and cultural factors. The clinic takes this perspective on a patient’s chronic pain, to help them understand and self manage the problem to the best of their ability. The aim is not to cure pain but to help patients resume everyday activities, feel better and make gains in what they can do. There is substantial research literature to support this understanding of the problem, and to suggest the benefits of a cognitive behavioural approach where appropriate, and multidimensional treatments for pain management.
There are no known frequently occurring risks associated with self-management skills and cognitive behavioural approaches for chronic pain. The clinic aims to meet the recommended benchmarks and be up to date on sufficient quality practice-based evidence. The clinic follows a standard assessment schedule to identify problems and as an aid to decisions on suitability. There is the potential to feel worse at stages during therapeutic interventions.
The patient and therapist prepare for this in advance by reviewing the patient’s ways of coping. Some patients decide to postpone sessions until they feel they can commit, in which case, brief input can be discussed with the patient that is individually tailored to their needs.
Should you require discussion on this or other options you can contact one of the clinic nurses, the clinical psychologist, or your general practitioner. You may wish to consider another option for accessing clinical psychology or counselling input via your general practitioner.
Pain Concern Charity
- Information and support is available from the charity ‘Pain Concern’
- Pain Concern, 1 Civic Square, Tranent, EH33 1LH, United Kingdom
- Pain Concern helpline telephone number: 0844 499 4676
British Pain Society
- Information on understanding chronic pain, how it can be treated and helpful strategies is available in the leaflet: ‘Understanding and managing pain: information for patients’. British Pain Society. 2010.
- Available for patients at British pain society website.
- The leading mental health charity in the UK is Mind.
- Mind, 15- 19 Broadway, London, E15 4BO, United Kingdom
- Mind information line telephone number: 0845 766 0163
The British Association for Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapies
- More information on cognitive behavioural therapy is available on their website, the lead organisation for CBT in the UK
British Psychological Society
- The professional body for psychologists in the UK is the British Psychological Society (BPS).
- British Psychological Society, St Andrews House, 48 Princess Road East, Leicester, LE1 7DR, United Kingdom
- BPS general enquiries telephone number: 0116 254 9568
Privacy & Dignity
If you have any concerns at any stage, please speak to the sister or clinical nurse specialist at the pain clinic.
The department of pain medicine is compliant with Trust policies for patient confidentiality. Sessions are confidential unless it is thought by the therapist that your own or another person’s safety is at risk or if you wish members of the pain team to share your information. Clinical notes from sessions are kept separate from your medical notes. Your assessment letter is discussed with you before it is sent to your GP.
All therapists receive supervision of their work with clients to ensure patient safety, this is completed anonymously and is strictly confidential.
We continue to work on ways to improve the pain service. We would welcome your comments on your experience of clinical psychology as part of the pain service. We would also welcome your feedback on this leaflet.
Should you like to comment please write to:
Pain Clinic administrator, Department of Pain Medicine, Box 215, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ.
We are smoke-free
Smoking is not allowed anywhere on the hospital campus. For advice and support in quitting, contact your GP or the free NHS stop smoking helpline on 0800 169 0 169.
Help accessing this information in other formats is available. To find out more about the services we provide, please visit our patient information help page (see link below) or telephone 01223 256998. www.cuh.nhs.uk/contact-us/accessible-information/
Cambridge University Hospitals
NHS Foundation Trust
Hills Road, Cambridge
Telephone +44 (0)1223 245151