I completed my undergraduate medical training at the University of Glasgow, with first class honours in my intercalated BSc (Med Sci) in cardiovascular clinical medicine.
I did post graduate training in general medicine in the West of Scotland, followed up by a two-year period of cardiology research in Christchurch, New Zealand. I was awarded a doctorate of medicine (MD) by the University of Glasgow for my thesis on Neutrophil derived enzymes in acute ST elevation myocardial infarction.
I undertook further training in advanced heart failure and transplantation at the Golden Jubilee Hospital, Glasgow prior to higher specialist training in the Northern Deanery.
Subspecialty training in heart failure, cardiac MRI and ACHD was based at the Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, with a further period of subspecialty fellowship in ACHD and maternal cardiology in Toronto, Canada.